The foundation of the current centralized state was put in the era of absolutism. Since 1614, the General Assembly was not convened, and after 1635 all meetings of officials of the cities were controlled by the king. On July 14, 1789 siege of the Bastille took place by the Parisian crowd and resulted in the abolition of feudal rights, adoption of the Declaration on human rights, abolition of privileges of monasteries, the introduction of civil marriage and nationalized schools.
First Republic was proclaimed on September 22, 1972, a year after the legislative election. That autumn 1000 men were executed by the royalists and members of the clergy. Then there was a rift between the radical Jacobins (represented by Maximilien de Robespierre) and the girondini (led by Georges Danton). King Louis XVI was executed along with his wife Marie Antoinette.